Periodontal treatment is performed by a dentist (periodontist) when a patient has gum disease.
This disease is caused by plaque and tartar, which are bacteria and particles that are deposited on teeth. When bacteria cause inflammation in the gums or an infection it is called Gingivitis. This can cause red and swollen gums, pain, bleeding and itching.
You can cure gingivitis by having a good dental hygiene; brushing and flossing your teeth correctly every day, and visiting a professional (dental hygienist). If gingivitis is not taken care correctly it can become periodontitis.
Periodontitis is an inflammation around the tooth. Plaque accumulates below the gums affecting the tissues that surround and support the teeth, causing them to fall or loosen out.
Many people think of periodontal disease as an adult problem, but it can affect children and adolescents too. Studies from periodontists show that nearly all children and adolescents have gingivitis, which is the first stage of periodontal disease. Advanced forms of periodontal disease are less common in children than adults, but they can occur.
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